Your Ultimate Guide to the Adorable Pekingese Dog


Table of Contents

Welcome to your ultimate guide on everything you need to know about the charming Pekingese dog breed. Whether you’re considering adding a Pekingese to your family or you already have one, this comprehensive guide will provide you with valuable information on their history, physical characteristics, temperament, training and exercise needs, proper care, and more.

Key Takeaways

  • The Pekingese breed has ancient Chinese origins and is associated with Chinese royalty.
  • Pekingese dogs have distinctive physical characteristics, including their small size, unique facial features, and various coat colors.
  • They are known for their loyal and affectionate nature, as well as their independent and regal temperament.
  • Training a Pekingese can be challenging, and they require specific exercise and mental stimulation.
  • Proper grooming, addressing health concerns, and providing a suitable environment are essential for the well-being of your Pekingese.

The Origins of the Pekingese Breed

The Pekingese breed boasts a rich history dating back to ancient China, where they were highly regarded as companions to Chinese emperors and nobility. These adorable dogs were often seen in the royal courts and were even believed to bring good luck to their owners. Legend has it that the Pekingese are descendants of a lion and a marmoset, resulting in their distinctive lion-like appearance and regal demeanor.

The Pekingese breed was strictly guarded within the walls of the Forbidden City in ancient China, and it was forbidden for anyone else to own one. It wasn’t until the 19th century that these treasured dogs made their way to the western world, thanks to British soldiers who encountered them during the Opium Wars. Queen Victoria herself fell in love with the breed, and soon Pekingese dogs became highly sought after as a symbol of luxury and status.

Today, the Pekingese breed continues to capture hearts with their unique charm and elegant presence. Their history as companions to the Chinese emperors has left a lasting legacy, and their ancient lineage is proudly celebrated by dog enthusiasts all over the world.

Key Points:
The Pekingese breed originated in ancient China and were companions to Chinese emperors and nobility.
They were believed to bring good luck and were strictly reserved for the royal courts.
British soldiers introduced the breed to the western world during the 19th century, and they quickly became popular amongst high society.
The Pekingese breed’s history as companions to the Chinese emperors is a testament to their regal and treasured nature.

Physical Characteristics of the Pekingese

The Pekingese is easily recognizable with its petite stature, flat face, and an array of coat colors, making it a visually stunning breed. These dogs have a sturdy build and stand only about 6 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder. Despite their small size, Pekingese dogs have a muscular body and a proud, lion-like appearance.

One of the most distinctive features of the Pekingese is its flat, wrinkled face. Their broad, short muzzle and pushed-in nose give them a unique expression that exudes charm and character. Their large, round, dark eyes are soulful and full of intelligence, while their pendulous ears frame their adorable face.

The Pekingese’s coat is another standout feature. They have a luxurious double coat that consists of a long, coarse outer coat and a dense, soft undercoat. Their coat can come in various colors, including fawn, black, white, cream, and silver. Some Pekingese even have a combination of these colors, creating a beautiful and striking appearance.

Physical Characteristics of the Pekingese:

Size 6 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder
Build Sturdy and muscular
Face Flat and wrinkled
Eyes Large, round, and dark
Coat Double coat with long, coarse outer hair and dense, soft undercoat. Comes in various colors.

With their unique physical attributes, Pekingese dogs truly exemplify the beauty and charm of the breed. Their petite size, flat face, and stunning coat colors make them a favorite choice for dog enthusiasts and those seeking a visually distinctive companion.

Uncovering the Pekingese Personality

The Pekingese is renowned for its loyal and affectionate nature, always ready to shower its family with love, while also maintaining a regal and independent demeanor. This breed’s temperament is a unique blend of devotion and self-assuredness, making them a beloved companion for many pet owners.

Pekingese dogs are known for forming strong bonds with their families, often preferring the company of their loved ones over strangers. They thrive on attention and enjoy being the center of attention in their household. Their affectionate nature makes them excellent lap dogs, always willing to snuggle up with their owners for some quality cuddle time.

Despite their small size, Pekingese dogs carry themselves with an air of confidence and elegance. They have a strong personality and are not easily swayed by others. Their regal demeanor is believed to be a reflection of their royal history, as they were once considered sacred pets of Chinese emperors.

Independent yet Devoted

While Pekingese dogs may possess a certain level of independence, they are also fiercely devoted to their families. They are known to form deep emotional attachments and will go to great lengths to protect and care for their loved ones. This loyalty extends not only to their human family members but also to other pets in the household.

It’s important to note that Pekingese dogs can have a stubborn streak, which can sometimes make training a bit challenging. Patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement are key when it comes to teaching them commands and proper behavior. Socialization from a young age is also crucial to ensure that they grow up to be friendly and well-adjusted around other people and animals.

Overall, the Pekingese breed offers a delightful combination of affection, loyalty, and independence. Their unique personality traits and regal charm make them a wonderful addition to any loving home.

Key Personality Traits of the Pekingese

Training and Exercise Needs of the Pekingese

Training a Pekingese can be a rewarding yet challenging experience, as their strong-willed nature and independent streaks require a patient and consistent approach. These intelligent dogs thrive on mental stimulation, so incorporating interactive toys and puzzle games into their training sessions can keep them engaged and prevent boredom. Here are some essential tips for training and exercising your Pekingese:

  1. Start training early: Begin training your Pekingese puppy as soon as you bring them home. This breed can be stubborn at times, so early socialization and obedience training are crucial for shaping their behavior.
  2. Use positive reinforcement: Pekingese respond well to positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise, and play. Rewarding good behavior will motivate them to continue learning and obeying commands.
  3. Keep sessions short and consistent: Pekingese have a shorter attention span, so it’s best to keep training sessions short and frequent, focusing on one command or behavior at a time. Consistency is key to reinforce their learning.
  4. Provide mental stimulation: In addition to training, Pekingese dogs need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Interactive toys, food puzzles, and regular playtime can keep their minds sharp and engaged.
  5. Be patient and gentle: Pekingese dogs are sensitive and respond best to gentle and positive training methods. Harsh punishment or forceful techniques can cause them to become fearful or resistant to training.

Exercise Needs

Pekingese dogs are not overly active and do not require intense exercise like some other breeds. However, daily physical activity is essential to keep them healthy and prevent weight gain. Here are some guidelines for exercising your Pekingese:

  • Regular walks: Take your Pekingese for daily walks to provide them with low-impact exercise and mental stimulation. Keep in mind their short legs and brachycephalic (flat) faces, so avoid strenuous activities or exercising in extreme weather conditions.
  • Indoor activities: Pekingese dogs can also benefit from indoor activities such as playing fetch or hide-and-seek. These activities can help burn off energy and keep them entertained.
  • Playdates: If your Pekingese is well-socialized and gets along with other dogs, arranging playdates with canine friends can provide additional exercise and socialization opportunities.

In conclusion, training and exercising a Pekingese requires patience, consistency, and a gentle approach. By providing mental stimulation, using positive reinforcement, and incorporating regular exercise into their routine, you can help your Pekingese develop good behavior, stay physically fit, and lead a happy and fulfilling life.

Training Tips Exercise Guidelines
Start training early Regular walks
Use positive reinforcement Indoor activities
Keep sessions short and consistent Playdates
Provide mental stimulation
Be patient and gentle

Proper Grooming for your Pekingese

Regular grooming is essential to maintain the Pekingese’s luxurious coat and promote overall hygiene and well-being. The Pekingese’s long, flowing hair requires dedicated care to prevent matting and tangling. Use a slicker brush to gently brush through their coat, starting from the roots to the tips, removing any knots or debris along the way. Pay special attention to the feathering on their legs and tail, which often require extra care.

In addition to regular brushing, it is important to schedule regular bathing sessions for your Pekingese. Use a mild dog shampoo that is suitable for their sensitive skin and coat. Take care to rinse thoroughly, ensuring no residue is left behind. After bathing, gently dry your Pekingese using a towel or a low-heat blow dryer to prevent cold or dampness from causing discomfort.

Trimming your Pekingese’s nails is another crucial aspect of grooming. Overgrown nails can be painful for your dog and cause difficulty in walking. Use a proper dog nail trimmer to carefully trim the tips of the nails, taking care not to cut too close to the quick. If you are unsure about how to trim your Pekingese’s nails, consult a professional groomer or veterinarian for guidance.

Grooming Tips for Pekingese Dogs
Regular brushing to prevent matting
Gentle bathing using a mild dog shampoo
Proper nail trimming to prevent discomfort
Regular ear cleaning to prevent infections
Teeth brushing to maintain oral hygiene

Aside from coat maintenance, it’s important to pay attention to your Pekingese’s ears, teeth, and overall cleanliness. Clean their ears using a veterinarian-approved ear cleaner and cotton balls, being careful not to penetrate too deeply. Brushing your Pekingese’s teeth regularly with a dog-specific toothpaste and toothbrush helps prevent dental issues and keeps their breath fresh.

Quick Grooming Checklist:

  • Regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling
  • Gentle bathing with a mild dog shampoo
  • Trimming of nails to maintain proper length and comfort
  • Regular ear cleaning and teeth brushing for hygiene

Remember, proper grooming not only keeps your Pekingese looking their best but also contributes to their overall well-being. It is recommended to establish a grooming routine from an early age, making it a positive and enjoyable experience for both you and your furry friend.

Addressing Health Issues in Pekingese Dogs

Like any purebred dog, the Pekingese is prone to certain health issues that require diligent monitoring and proactive care. These adorable dogs have a unique physiology that contributes to some common health concerns. Being aware of these potential issues and taking appropriate measures can help ensure a long and healthy life for your Pekingese companion.

One of the most prevalent health issues in Pekingese is Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome. Due to their flat faces and shortened airways, they can struggle with breathing difficulties, especially in hot weather or during exercise. It’s important to provide a cool and well-ventilated environment for your Pekingese, and avoid strenuous activities that may strain their respiratory system.

Pekingese are also prone to eye problems, such as corneal ulcers and dry eye syndrome. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian are essential to catch any developing issues early on. Additionally, their long, luxurious coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and skin infections. Paying attention to their paw pads and nails is equally important to maintain their overall comfort and mobility.

Common Health Issues in Pekingese Dogs:

Health Issue Description
Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome A condition characterized by respiratory difficulties due to the breed’s flat faces and shortened airways.
Eye Problems Common eye issues in Pekingese include corneal ulcers, dry eye syndrome, and progression of cataracts.
Coat and Skin Issues The Pekingese’s luxurious coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and ensure skin health. Skin infections can also occur if not properly cared for.
Hernias Pekingese are prone to inguinal and umbilical hernias, which require surgical correction if significant.
Orthopedic Problems Due to their small size and stocky build, Pekingese can develop orthopedic issues such as luxating patellas and intervertebral disc disease.

Regular check-ups with a trusted veterinarian, a balanced diet, and exercise appropriate for their size and health can go a long way in preventing and managing these common health concerns. By being proactive and providing the necessary care, you can give your Pekingese the best chance at a happy and healthy life.

Providing Proper Care for your Pekingese

Caring for a Pekingese involves providing a suitable environment, a balanced diet, and routine healthcare to keep your furry companion happy and healthy. These adorable dogs have specific needs that should be met to ensure their well-being.

When it comes to the environment, Pekingese dogs thrive best in a calm and peaceful setting. They enjoy having their own space and a comfortable bed to relax in. It’s important to create a designated area for them where they feel safe and secure.

In terms of diet, Pekingese dogs require a balanced and nutritious meal plan. It’s recommended to feed them high-quality dog food that is suitable for their age and size. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the right amount and frequency of feeding, as well as any dietary supplements that may be beneficial.

Routine Healthcare
Regular veterinary check-ups
Vaccination and parasite prevention
Dental care
Exercise and mental stimulation

Routine healthcare is essential for your Pekingese’s overall health. Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and parasite prevention are crucial to prevent illnesses and maintain their well-being. Dental care is also important, as Pekingese dogs are prone to dental issues. Regular teeth brushing and dental check-ups can help keep their teeth and gums in good condition.

In addition to physical care, Pekingese dogs require mental stimulation and regular exercise to prevent boredom and maintain their physical fitness. Daily walks and playtime can help keep them active and happy.

By providing a suitable environment, a balanced diet, routine healthcare, and plenty of love and attention, you can ensure that your Pekingese thrives and enjoys a long and fulfilling life by your side.

Pekingese as Family Pets and Socializing with Other Animals

Despite their regal demeanor, Pekingese dogs have the potential to be wonderful family pets and get along well with other animals when properly introduced. These small yet confident dogs are known for their loyalty and affection towards their human companions. Their independent nature may give the impression that they are reserved, but with proper socialization and training, they can become loving and sociable members of the family.

When bringing a Pekingese into a household with other animals, it is essential to take gradual and careful steps to ensure a smooth introduction. Start by allowing supervised, controlled interactions on neutral territory, where both animals can become familiar with each other’s presence. It is important to provide positive reinforcement and rewards for good behavior during these initial interactions.

Creating a harmonious environment for a Pekingese and other animals involves establishing boundaries, providing personal spaces, and ensuring fair treatment for each pet. Provide separate sleeping areas, feeding stations, and play areas to prevent any potential conflicts. Maintaining a consistent routine for all pets helps establish a sense of security and predictability.

Key Points: Summary:
1. Gradual introduction Introduce Pekingese and other animals slowly and in controlled environments.
2. Positive reinforcement Reward good behavior during interactions between Pekingese and other animals.
3. Establish boundaries Create separate sleeping, eating, and playing areas for each pet to prevent conflicts.
4. Consistent routine Maintain a consistent schedule to provide security and stability for all pets in the household.

Creating a Suitable Environment for your Pekingese

To ensure the happiness and well-being of your Pekingese, it is essential to create a suitable living environment that accommodates their small size, exercise needs, and grooming requirements. These adorable dogs thrive in spaces that provide both comfort and stimulation.

When it comes to living arrangements, Pekingese dogs are well-suited to apartment living. Their small size makes them adaptable to smaller spaces, as long as they have regular access to outdoor areas for bathroom breaks and exercise. Ensure that the living area is free from hazards, such as small objects that can be swallowed or furniture that they may struggle to navigate.

Pekingese dogs may have a regal demeanor, but they still require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. They may not be as high-energy as some other breeds, but daily walks and playtime are essential for their physical and mental well-being. Designate a safe and secure space for them to explore and stretch their legs, whether it’s a fenced yard or a nearby park.

Grooming Requirements Frequency
Brushing 2-3 times a week
Bathing Every 2-3 months or as needed
Nail trimming Monthly
Ear cleaning Weekly

Grooming is an important aspect of Pekingese care. Their luxurious double coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling. In addition, regular bathing, nail trimming, and ear cleaning are essential for maintaining their overall hygiene and health. Create a designated grooming area that is well-lit and comfortable for both you and your Pekingese.

By considering the specific needs of your Pekingese and providing them with a suitable living environment, you can ensure that they live a happy and healthy life. Remember to provide them with plenty of love, attention, and mental stimulation to truly make them a cherished member of your family.

List of Essential Items for your Pekingese
Comfortable dog bed or crate
Appropriate size food and water bowls
Durable toys for mental stimulation
Gentle dog shampoo and grooming supplies
Leash and harness for walks
Pet-friendly cleaning products

Honoring the Pekingese in Your Heart

It’s hard not to fall in love with the charming Pekingese breed, as their loyal companionship and affectionate nature melt hearts around the world. These adorable dogs have a regal history, tracing back to ancient China where they were cherished by the Chinese royalty. Pekingese dogs possess unique physical characteristics that make them truly captivating – from their small size and distinctive facial features to their various coat colors that add to their undeniable charm.

But it’s not just their looks that make the Pekingese breed so special. Their temperament is one of unwavering loyalty and genuine affection. They form strong bonds with their owners and make excellent family pets. Despite their loyal nature, Pekingese dogs also showcase a sense of independence, which adds to their intriguing personality.

Bringing a Pekingese into your home requires dedication and understanding. Training a Pekingese can be a challenge, as they have a stubborn streak and may require patience and consistency. These dogs also have specific exercise needs to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Regular grooming is essential to maintain their beautiful coat, and it’s important to address common health issues that can affect the Pekingese breed.

By providing proper care, nutrition, and a suitable living environment, you can ensure that your Pekingese thrives and remains a cherished member of your family. While they may have an independent nature, Pekingese dogs have the potential to get along well with other pets, making them a delightful addition to any home that already has furry companions.

In Conclusion:

The Pekingese breed captivates hearts with their unique physical characteristics, loyal temperament, and regal history. Embracing responsible ownership and providing proper care, training, and nutrition will ensure the best possible life for your beloved Pekingese. Their affectionate nature and companionship will bring joy to your life every day, making the Pekingese a cherished and treasured breed.

Pekingese Breed Pekingese Dog
Ancient Chinese origins Loyal companionship
Distinctive physical characteristics Affectionate nature
Various coat colors Independent temperament
Training challenges Specific exercise needs
Regular grooming Addressing health concerns
Suitable for families with other pets Proper care and nutrition


By now, you should be equipped with a wealth of knowledge about the adorable Pekingese breed, ready to welcome one into your life with open arms. This comprehensive guide has covered the history, physical characteristics, personality, training needs, and proper care for Pekingese dogs.

Originating from ancient China and associated with Chinese royalty, Pekingese dogs boast unique physical features, including their small size, distinct facial expressions, and a wide range of coat colors. They are known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them wonderful companions for individuals and families alike. However, their independent and regal temperament requires consistent training and mental stimulation to ensure a well-behaved pet.

Proper care for a Pekingese involves regular grooming to maintain their luxurious coat and address potential health concerns that are common to the breed. Providing a balanced diet, nutrition, and suitable living arrangements are all essential elements in keeping your Pekingese happy and healthy.

In addition to their compatibility with humans, Pekingese dogs have the potential to get along with other pets when properly socialized. Creating a suitable environment that meets their specific needs, including exercise and mental stimulation, is crucial for their overall well-being.

By considering all aspects discussed in this guide, you are now well-prepared to give your Pekingese the love and care they deserve. Welcome your new furry friend into your home and treasure the joy they bring into your life!


Q: Can Pekingese dogs get along with other pets?

A: Pekingese dogs have the potential to get along with other pets if properly socialized and introduced. However, it is important to monitor their interactions and provide a safe and controlled environment.

Q: How challenging is it to train a Pekingese?

A: Training a Pekingese can be challenging due to their independent nature and stubborn streak. Positive reinforcement techniques and consistency are key to successful training.

Q: What are the exercise needs of a Pekingese?

A: Pekingese dogs have relatively low exercise needs and are well-suited for apartment living. Short daily walks and interactive playtime can help keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

Q: How often should I groom my Pekingese?

A: Pekingese dogs require regular grooming to maintain their luxurious coat. Brushing their fur at least a few times a week and regular bathing can help keep them clean and prevent matting.

Q: What are some common health issues in Pekingese dogs?

A: Pekingese dogs are prone to certain health issues, including eye problems, respiratory issues, and musculoskeletal conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups and proper care can help address and prevent these issues.

Q: What should I consider when creating a suitable environment for my Pekingese?

A: It is important to provide a safe and comfortable living environment for your Pekingese. Consider factors such as temperature control, access to fresh water, and providing a designated area for rest and relaxation.

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